fmpq_mpoly.h – multivariate polynomials over the rational numbers

The exponents follow the mpoly interface. No references to the coefficients are available.

Types, macros and constants

fmpq_mpoly_struct

A structure holding a multivariate rational polynomial. It is implemented as a fmpq_t holding the content of the polynomial and a primitive integer polynomial.

fmpq_mpoly_t

An array of length \(1\) of fmpq_mpoly_struct.

fmpq_mpoly_ctx_struct

Context structure representing the parent ring of an fmpq_mpoly.

fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t

An array of length \(1\) of fmpq_mpoly_ctx_struct.

Context object

void fmpq_mpoly_ctx_init(fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx, slong nvars, const ordering_t ord)

Initialise a context object for a polynomial ring with the given number of variables and the given ordering. The possibilities for the ordering are ORD_LEX, ORD_DEGLEX and ORD_DEGREVLEX.

slong fmpq_mpoly_ctx_nvars(const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Return the number of variables used to initialize the context.

ordering_t fmpq_mpoly_ctx_ord(const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Return the ordering used to initialize the context.

void fmpq_mpoly_ctx_clear(fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Release up any space allocated by ctx.

Memory management

void fmpq_mpoly_init(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Initialise A for use with the given an initialised context object. Its value is set to zero.

void fmpq_mpoly_init2(fmpq_mpoly_t A, slong alloc, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Initialise A for use with the given an initialised context object. Its value is set to zero. It is allocated with space for alloc terms and at least MPOLY_MIN_BITS bits for the exponents.

void fmpq_mpoly_init3(fmpq_mpoly_t A, slong alloc, flint_bitcnt_t bits, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Initialise A for use with the given an initialised context object. Its value is set to zero. It is allocated with space for alloc terms and bits bits for the exponents.

void fmpq_mpoly_fit_length(fmpq_mpoly_t A, slong len, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Ensure that A has space for at least len terms.

void fmpq_mpoly_fit_bits(fmpq_mpoly_t A, flint_bitcnt_t bits, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Ensure that the exponent fields of A have at least bits bits.

void fmpq_mpoly_realloc(fmpq_mpoly_t A, slong alloc, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Reallocate A to have space for alloc terms. Assumes the current length of the polynomial is not greater than alloc.

void fmpq_mpoly_clear(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Release any space allocated for A.

Input/Output

The variable strings in x start with the variable of most significance at index \(0\). If x is NULL, the variables are named x1, x2, ect.
char * fmpq_mpoly_get_str_pretty(const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const char ** x, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Return a string, which the user is responsible for cleaning up, representing A, given an array of variable strings x.

int fmpq_mpoly_fprint_pretty(FILE * file, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const char ** x, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Print a string representing A to file.

int fmpq_mpoly_print_pretty(const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const char ** x, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Print a string representing A to stdout.

int fmpq_mpoly_set_str_pretty(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const char * str, const char ** x, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set A to the polynomial in the null-terminates string str given an array x of variable strings. If parsing str fails, A is set to zero, and \(-1\) is returned. Otherwise, \(0\) is returned. The operations +, -, *, and / are permitted along with integers and the variables in x. The character ^ must be immediately followed by the (integer) exponent. If any division is not exact, parsing fails.

Basic manipulation

void fmpq_mpoly_gen(fmpq_mpoly_t A, slong var, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set A to the variable of index var, where var = 0 corresponds to the variable with the most significance with respect to the ordering.

int fmpq_mpoly_is_gen(const fmpq_mpoly_t A, slong var, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

If \(var \ge 0\), return \(1\) if A is equal to the \(var\)-th generator, otherwise return \(0\). If \(var < 0\), return \(1\) if the polynomial is equal to any generator, otherwise return \(0\).

void fmpq_mpoly_set(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set A to B.

int fmpq_mpoly_equal(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Return \(1\) if A is equal to B, else return \(0\).

void fmpq_mpoly_swap(fmpq_mpoly_t A, fmpq_mpoly_t B, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Efficiently swap A and B.

Constants

int fmpq_mpoly_is_fmpq(const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Return \(1\) if A is a constant, else return \(0\).

void fmpq_mpoly_get_fmpq(fmpq_t c, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Assuming that A is a constant, set c to this constant. This function throws if A is not a constant.

void fmpq_mpoly_set_fmpq(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_t c, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
void fmpq_mpoly_set_fmpz(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpz_t c, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
void fmpq_mpoly_set_ui(fmpq_mpoly_t A, ulong c, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
void fmpq_mpoly_set_si(fmpq_mpoly_t A, slong c, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set A to the constant c.

void fmpq_mpoly_zero(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set A to the constant \(0\).

void fmpq_mpoly_one(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set A to the constant \(1\).

int fmpq_mpoly_equal_fmpq(const fmpq_mpoly_t A, fmpq_t c, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
int fmpq_mpoly_equal_fmpz(const fmpq_mpoly_t A, fmpz_t c, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
int fmpq_mpoly_equal_ui(const fmpq_mpoly_t A, ulong c, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
int fmpq_mpoly_equal_si(const fmpq_mpoly_t A, slong c, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Return \(1\) if A is equal to the constant c, else return \(0\).

int fmpq_mpoly_is_zero(const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Return \(1\) if A is equal to the constant \(0\), else return \(0\).

int fmpq_mpoly_is_one(const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Return \(1\) if A is equal to the constant \(1\), else return \(0\).

Degrees

int fmpq_mpoly_degrees_fit_si(const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Return \(1\) if the degrees of A with respect to each variable fit into an slong, otherwise return \(0\).

void fmpq_mpoly_degrees_fmpz(fmpz ** degs, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
void fmpq_mpoly_degrees_si(slong * degs, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set degs to the degrees of A with respect to each variable. If A is zero, all degrees are set to \(-1\).

void fmpq_mpoly_degree_fmpz(fmpz_t deg, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, slong var, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
slong fmpq_mpoly_degree_si(const fmpq_mpoly_t A, slong var, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Either return or set deg to the degree of A with respect to the variable of index var. If A is zero, the degree is defined to be \(-1\).

int fmpq_mpoly_total_degree_fits_si(const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Return \(1\) if the total degree of A fits into an slong, otherwise return \(0\).

void fmpq_mpoly_total_degree_fmpz(fmpz_t tdeg, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
slong fmpq_mpoly_total_degree_si(const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Either return or set tdeg to the total degree of A. If A is zero, the total degree is defined to be \(-1\).

void fmpq_mpoly_used_vars(int * used, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

For each variable index i, set used[i] to nonzero if the variable of index i appears in A and to zero otherwise.

Coefficients

void fmpq_mpoly_get_denominator(fmpz_t d, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set d to the denominator of A, the smallest positive integer \(d\) such that \(d \times A\) has integer coefficients.

void fmpq_mpoly_get_coeff_fmpq_monomial(fmpq_t c, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t M, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Assuming that M is a monomial, set c to the coefficient of the corresponding monomial in A. This function thows if M is not a monomial.

void fmpq_mpoly_set_coeff_fmpq_monomial(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_t c, const fmpq_mpoly_t M, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Assuming that M is a monomial, set the coefficient of the corresponding monomial in A to c. This function thows if M is not a monomial.

void fmpq_mpoly_get_coeff_fmpq_fmpz(fmpq_t c, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, fmpz * const * exp, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
void fmpq_mpoly_get_coeff_fmpq_ui(fmpq_t c, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, ulong const * exp, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set c to the coefficient of the monomial with exponent exp.

void fmpq_mpoly_set_coeff_fmpq_fmpz(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_t c, fmpz * const * exp, fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
void fmpq_mpoly_set_coeff_fmpq_ui(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_t c, ulong const * exp, fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set the coefficient of the monomial with exponent exp to c.

void fmpq_mpoly_get_coeff_vars_ui(fmpq_mpoly_t C, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const slong * vars, const ulong * exps, slong length, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set C to the coefficient of A with respect to the variables in vars with powers in the corresponding array exps. Both vars and exps point to array of length length. It is assumed that \(0 < length \le nvars(A)\) and that the variables in vars are distinct.

Comparison

int fmpq_mpoly_cmp(const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Return \(1\) (resp. \(-1\), or \(0\)) if A is after (resp. before, same as) B in some arbitrary but fixed total ordering of the polynomials. This ordering agrees with the usual ordering of monomials when A and B are both monomials.

Container operations

These function try to deal efficiently with violations of the internal canonical representation. If a term index is negative or not strictly less than the length of the polynomial, the function will throw. The mutating functions here are not guaranteed to leave the polynomial in reduced form (see fmpq_mpoly_is_canonical() for a definition of reduced). This means that even if nonzero terms with distinct exponents have been constructed in the correct order, a call to fmpq_mpoly_reduce() is necessary to ensure that the polynomial is in canonical form. As with the fmpz_mpoly module, a call to fmpq_mpoly_sort_terms() followed by a call to fmpq_mpoly_combine_like_terms() should leave the polynomial in canonical form.
fmpq * fmpq_mpoly_content_ref(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Return a reference to the content of A.

fmpz_mpoly_struct * fmpq_mpoly_zpoly_ref(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Return a reference to the integer polynomial of A.

fmpz * fmpq_mpoly_zpoly_term_coeff_ref(fmpq_mpoly_t A, slong i, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Return a reference to the coefficient of index i of the integer polynomial of A.

int fmpq_mpoly_is_canonical(const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Return \(1\) if A is in canonical form. Otherwise, return \(0\). An fmpq_mpoly_t is represented as the product of an fmpq_t content and an fmpz_mpoly_t zpoly. The representation is considered canonical when either (1) both content and zpoly are zero, or (2) both content and zpoly are nonzero and canonical and zpoly is reduced. A nonzero zpoly is considered reduced when the coefficients have GCD one and the leading coefficient is positive.

slong fmpq_mpoly_length(const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Return the number of terms stored in A. If the polynomial is in canonical form, this will be the number of nonzero coefficients.

void fmpq_mpoly_resize(fmpq_mpoly_t A, slong new_length, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set the length of A to new_length. Terms are either deleted from the end, or new zero terms are appended.

void fmpq_mpoly_get_term_coeff_fmpq(fmpq_t c, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, slong i, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set c to coefficient of index i

void fmpq_mpoly_set_term_coeff_fmpq(fmpq_mpoly_t A, slong i, const fmpq_t c, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set the coefficient of index i to c.

int fmpq_mpoly_term_exp_fits_si(const fmpq_mpoly_t A, slong i, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
int fmpq_mpoly_term_exp_fits_ui(const fmpq_mpoly_t A, slong i, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Return \(1\) if all entries of the exponent vector of the term of index i fit into an slong (resp. a ulong). Otherwise, return \(0\).

void fmpq_mpoly_get_term_exp_fmpz(fmpz ** exps, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, slong i, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
void fmpq_mpoly_get_term_exp_ui(ulong * exps, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, slong i, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
void fmpq_mpoly_get_term_exp_si(slong * exps, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, slong i, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set exp to the exponent vector of the term of index i. The _ui (resp. _si) version throws if any entry does not fit into a ulong (resp. slong).

ulong fmpq_mpoly_get_term_var_exp_ui(const fmpq_mpoly_t A, slong i, slong var, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
slong fmpq_mpoly_get_term_var_exp_si(const fmpq_mpoly_t A, slong i, slong var, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Return the exponent of the variable var of the term of index i. This function throws if the exponent does not fit into a ulong (resp. slong).

void fmpq_mpoly_set_term_exp_fmpz(fmpq_mpoly_t A, slong i, fmpz * const * exps, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
void fmpq_mpoly_set_term_exp_ui(fmpq_mpoly_t A, slong i, const ulong * exps, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set the exponent vector of the term of index i to exp.

void fmpq_mpoly_get_term(fmpq_mpoly_t M, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, slong i, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set M to the term of index i in A.

void fmpq_mpoly_get_term_monomial(fmpq_mpoly_t M, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, slong i, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set M to the monomial of the term of index i in A. The coefficient of M will be one.

void fmpq_mpoly_push_term_fmpq_fmpz(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_t c, fmpz * const * exp, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
void fmpq_mpoly_push_term_fmpz_fmpz(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpz_t c, fmpz * const * exp, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
void fmpq_mpoly_push_term_ui_fmpz(fmpq_mpoly_t A, ulong c, fmpz * const * exp, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
void fmpq_mpoly_push_term_si_fmpz(fmpq_mpoly_t A, slong c, fmpz * const * exp, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
void fmpq_mpoly_push_term_fmpq_ui(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_t c, const ulong * exp, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
void fmpq_mpoly_push_term_fmpz_ui(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpz_t c, const ulong * exp, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
void fmpq_mpoly_push_term_ui_ui(fmpq_mpoly_t A, ulong c, const ulong * exp, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
void fmpq_mpoly_push_term_si_ui(fmpq_mpoly_t A, slong c, const ulong * exp, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Append a term to A with coefficient c and exponent vector exp. This function should run in constant average time if the terms pushed have bounded denominator.

void fmpq_mpoly_reduce(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Factor out necessary content from A->zpoly so that it is reduced. If the terms of A were nonzero and sorted with distinct exponents to begin with, the result will be in canonical form.

void fmpq_mpoly_sort_terms(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Sort the internal A->zpoly into the canonical ordering dictated by the ordering in ctx. This function does not combine like terms, nor does it delete terms with coefficient zero, nor does it reduce.

void fmpq_mpoly_combine_like_terms(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Combine adjacent like terms in the internal A->zpoly and then factor out content via a call to fmpq_mpoly_reduce(). If the terms of A were sorted to begin with, the result will be in canonical form.

void fmpq_mpoly_reverse(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set A to the reversal of B.

Random generation

void fmpq_mpoly_randtest_bound(fmpq_mpoly_t A, flint_rand_t state, slong length, mp_limb_t coeff_bits, ulong exp_bound, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Generate a random polynomial with length up to length and exponents in the range [0, exp_bound - 1]. The exponents of each variable are generated by calls to n_randint(state, exp_bound).

void fmpq_mpoly_randtest_bounds(fmpq_mpoly_t A, flint_rand_t state, slong length, mp_limb_t coeff_bits, ulong * exp_bounds, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Generate a random polynomial with length up to length and exponents in the range [0, exp_bounds[i] - 1]. The exponents of the variable of index i are generated by calls to n_randint(state, exp_bounds[i]).

void fmpq_mpoly_randtest_bits(fmpq_mpoly_t A, flint_rand_t state, slong length, mp_limb_t coeff_bits, mp_limb_t exp_bits, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Generate a random polynomial with length up to length and exponents whose packed form does not exceed the given bit count.

The parameter coeff_bits to the three functions fmpq_mpoly_randtest_{bound|bounds|bits} is merely a suggestion for the approximate bit count of the resulting coefficients.

Addition/Subtraction

void fmpq_mpoly_add_fmpq(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, const fmpq_t c, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
void fmpq_mpoly_add_fmpz(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, const fmpz_t c, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
void fmpq_mpoly_add_ui(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, ulong c, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
void fmpq_mpoly_add_si(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, slong c, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set A to \(B + c\).

void fmpq_mpoly_sub_fmpq(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, const fmpq_t c, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
void fmpq_mpoly_sub_fmpz(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, const fmpz_t c, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
void fmpq_mpoly_sub_ui(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, ulong c, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
void fmpq_mpoly_sub_si(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, slong c, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set A to \(B - c\).

void fmpq_mpoly_add(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, const fmpq_mpoly_t C, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set A to \(B + C\).

void fmpq_mpoly_sub(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, const fmpq_mpoly_t C, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set A to \(B - C\).

Scalar operations

void fmpq_mpoly_neg(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set A to \(-B\).

void fmpq_mpoly_scalar_mul_fmpq(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, const fmpq_t c, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
void fmpq_mpoly_scalar_mul_fmpz(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, const fmpz_t c, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
void fmpq_mpoly_scalar_mul_ui(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, ulong c, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
void fmpq_mpoly_scalar_mul_si(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, slong c, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set A to \(B \times c\).

void fmpq_mpoly_scalar_div_fmpq(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, const fmpq_t c, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
void fmpq_mpoly_scalar_div_fmpz(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, const fmpz_t c, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
void fmpq_mpoly_scalar_div_ui(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, ulong c, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
void fmpq_mpoly_scalar_div_si(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, slong c, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set A to \(B/c\).

void fmpq_mpoly_make_monic(fmpq_mpoly_t A, fmpq_mpoly_t B, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set A to B divided by the leading coefficient of B. This throws if B is zero.

All of these functions run quickly if A and B are aliased.

Differentiation/Integration

void fmpq_mpoly_derivative(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, slong var, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set A to the derivative of B with respect to the variable of index var.

void fmpq_mpoly_integral(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, slong var, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set A to the integral with the fewest number of terms of B with respect to the variable of index var.

Evaluation

These functions return \(0\) when the operation would imply unreasonable arithmetic.
int fmpq_mpoly_evaluate_all_fmpq(fmpq_t ev, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, fmpq * const * vals, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set ev the evaluation of A where the variables are replaced by the corresponding elements of the array vals. Return \(1\) for success and \(0\) for failure.

int fmpq_mpoly_evaluate_one_fmpq(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, slong var, const fmpq_t val, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set A to the evaluation of B where the variable of index var is replaced by val. Return \(1\) for success and \(0\) for failure.

int fmpq_mpoly_compose_fmpq_poly(fmpq_poly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, fmpq_poly_struct * const * C, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctxB)

Set A to the evaluation of B where the variables are replaced by the corresponding elements of the array C. The context object of B is ctxB. Return \(1\) for success and \(0\) for failure.

int fmpq_mpoly_compose_fmpq_mpoly(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, fmpq_mpoly_struct * const * C, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctxB, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctxAC)

Set A to the evaluation of B where the variables are replaced by the corresponding elements of the array C. Both A and the elements of C have context object ctxAC, while B has context object ctxB. Neither A nor B is allowed to alias any other polynomial. Return \(1\) for success and \(0\) for failure.

void fmpq_mpoly_compose_fmpq_mpoly_gen(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, const slong * c, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctxB, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctxAC)

Set A to the evaluation of B where the variable of index i in ctxB is replaced by the variable of index c[i] in ctxAC. The length of the array C is the number of variables in ctxB. If any c[i] is negative, the corresponding variable of B is replaced by zero. Otherwise, it is expected that c[i] is less than the number of variables in ctxAC.

Multiplication

void fmpq_mpoly_mul(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, const fmpq_mpoly_t C, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set A to \(B \time C\).

Powering

These functions return \(0\) when the operation would imply unreasonable arithmetic.
int fmpq_mpoly_pow_fmpz(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, const fmpz_t k, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set A to B raised to the k-th power. Return \(1\) for success and \(0\) for failure.

int fmpq_mpoly_pow_ui(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, ulong k, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set A to B raised to the k-th power. Return \(1\) for success and \(0\) for failure.

Division

int fmpq_mpoly_divides(fmpq_mpoly_t Q, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

If A is divisible by B, set Q to the exact quotient and return \(1\). Otherwise, set Q to zero and return \(0\). Note that the function fmpq_mpoly_div() may be faster if the quotient is known to be exact.

void fmpq_mpoly_div(fmpq_mpoly_t Q, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set Q to the quotient of A by B, discarding the remainder.

void fmpq_mpoly_divrem(fmpq_mpoly_t Q, fmpq_mpoly_t R, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set Q and R to the quotient and remainder of A divided by B.

void fmpq_mpoly_divrem_ideal(fmpq_mpoly_struct ** Q, fmpq_mpoly_t R, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, fmpq_mpoly_struct * const * B, slong len, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

This function is as per fmpq_mpoly_divrem() except that it takes an array of divisor polynomials B and it returns an array of quotient polynomials Q. The number of divisor (and hence quotient) polynomials, is given by len.

Greatest Common Divisor

void fmpq_mpoly_content(fmpq_t g, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set g to the (nonnegative) gcd of the coefficients of A.

void fmpq_mpoly_term_content(fmpq_mpoly_t M, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set M to the GCD of the terms of A. If A is zero, M will be zero. Otherwise, M will be a monomial with coefficient one.

int fmpq_mpoly_content_vars(fmpq_mpoly_t g, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, slong * vars, slong vars_length, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set g to the GCD of the cofficients of A when viewed as a polynomial in the variables vars. Return \(1\) for success and \(0\) for failure. Upon succcess, g will be independent of the variables vars.

int fmpq_mpoly_gcd(fmpq_mpoly_t G, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Try to set G to the monic GCD of A and B. The GCD of zero and zero is defined to be zero. If the return is \(1\) the function was successful. Otherwise the return is \(0\) and G is left untouched.

int fmpq_mpoly_gcd_cofactors(fmpq_mpoly_t G, fmpq_mpoly_t Abar, fmpq_mpoly_t Bbar, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Do the operation of fmpq_mpoly_gcd() and also compute \(Abar = A/G\) and \(Bbar = B/G\) if successful.

int fmpq_mpoly_gcd_brown(fmpq_mpoly_t G, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
int fmpq_mpoly_gcd_hensel(fmpq_mpoly_t G, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
int fmpq_mpoly_gcd_subresultant(fmpq_mpoly_t G, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
int fmpq_mpoly_gcd_zippel(fmpq_mpoly_t G, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
int fmpq_mpoly_gcd_zippel2(fmpq_mpoly_t G, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Try to set G to the GCD of A and B using various algorithms.

int fmpq_mpoly_resultant(fmpq_mpoly_t R, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, slong var, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Try to set R to the resultant of A and B with respect to the variable of index var.

int fmpq_mpoly_discriminant(fmpq_mpoly_t D, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, slong var, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Try to set D to the discriminant of A with respect to the variable of index var.

Square Root

int fmpq_mpoly_sqrt(fmpq_mpoly_t Q, const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

If A is a perfect square return \(1\) and set Q to the square root with positive leading coefficient. Otherwise return \(0\) and set Q to zero.

int fmpq_mpoly_is_square(const fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Return \(1\) if A is a perfect square, otherwise return \(0\).

Univariate Functions

An fmpq_mpoly_univar_t holds a univariate polynomial in some main variable with fmpq_mpoly_t coefficients in the remaining variables. These functions are useful when one wants to rewrite an element of \(\mathbb{Q}[x_1, \dots, x_m]\) as an element of \((\mathbb{Q}[x_1, \dots, x_{v-1}, x_{v+1}, \dots, x_m])[x_v]\) and vise versa.
void fmpq_mpoly_univar_init(fmpq_mpoly_univar_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Initialize A.

void fmpq_mpoly_univar_clear(fmpq_mpoly_univar_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Clear A.

void fmpq_mpoly_univar_swap(fmpq_mpoly_univar_t A, fmpq_mpoly_univar_t B, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Swap A and B.

void fmpq_mpoly_to_univar(fmpq_mpoly_univar_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_t B, slong var, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set A to a univariate form of B by pulling out the variable of index var. The coefficients of A will still belong to the content ctx but will not depend on the variable of index var.

void fmpq_mpoly_from_univar(fmpq_mpoly_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_univar_t B, slong var, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set A to the normal form of B by putting in the variable of index var. This function is undefined if the coefficients of B depend on the variable of index var.

int fmpq_mpoly_univar_degree_fits_si(const fmpq_mpoly_univar_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Return \(1\) if the degree of A with respect to the main variable fits an slong. Otherwise, return \(0\).

slong fmpq_mpoly_univar_length(const fmpq_mpoly_univar_t A, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Return the number of terms in A with respect to the main variable.

slong fmpq_mpoly_univar_get_term_exp_si(fmpq_mpoly_univar_t A, slong i, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Return the exponent of the term of index i of A.

void fmpq_mpoly_univar_get_term_coeff(fmpq_mpoly_t c, const fmpq_mpoly_univar_t A, slong i, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)
void fmpq_mpoly_univar_swap_term_coeff(fmpq_mpoly_t c, fmpq_mpoly_univar_t A, slong i, const fmpq_mpoly_ctx_t ctx)

Set (resp. swap) c to (resp. with) the coefficient of the term of index i of A.